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Death penalty: How many countries still have it?

Antonio Guterres, UN secretary general

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Declare: Some 170 States have both abolished the dying penalty or presented a moratorium on its use.

Verdict: Consistent with Amnesty Global in 2017, 142 international locations had abolished the dying penalty in regulation or apply.

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The UN Secretary Basic António Guterres marked the Global Day In opposition to the Demise Penalty through praising the efforts of nations to finish the apply.

He stated “170 States have both abolished the dying penalty or presented a moratorium on its use.”

A moratorium is an settlement to droop a coverage or motion.

So, is he proper?

The UN Secretary Basic’s file at the dying penalty offered to the Human Rights Council in September this 12 months says that “some 170 States have abolished or presented a moratorium at the dying penalty both in regulation or in apply, or have suspended executions for greater than 10 years.”

Because the UN has 193 contributors, this signifies that 23 states performed a minimum of one execution up to now decade.

The UN says those figures are compiled from data equipped through member states in addition to civil society.

Alternatively, Amnesty says that 142 international locations have both abolished the dying penalty in regulation or in apply and that previously 5 years 33 international locations have performed a minimum of one execution.

Amnesty collects its statistics the usage of authentic figures, media studies and knowledge handed on from folks sentenced to dying and their households and representatives.

4 international locations have been accountable for 84% of executions in 2017 (Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Pakistan and Iran). That does not come with China, the place the statistics are a state secret. Amnesty estimates that China carries out hundreds of executions every 12 months.

Strategies of execution in 2017 have been beheading, striking, deadly injection and capturing.

The human rights organisation recorded a minimum of 2,591 dying sentences in 53 international locations in 2017. However in some instances the dying sentences can be commuted, the place international locations are reluctant to put in force the punishment.

Consistent with Amnesty there are:

  • 106 international locations the place use of the dying penalty isn’t allowed through regulation
  • 7 international locations which allow the dying penalty just for severe crimes in remarkable instances, akin to the ones dedicated right through occasions of conflict
  • 29 international locations that have dying penalty rules however have not carried out somebody for a minimum of 10 years, and a coverage or extra formal dedication to not execute
  • 56 international locations which retain dying penalty rules and both perform executions or the government have now not made an authentic declaration to not execute

(Amnesty contains 5 non UN-member international locations).

The Malaysian govt adopted the secretary basic’s feedback with a statement that it intends to abolish the dying penalty.

About 1,200 persons are regarded as on dying row in Malaysia, the place the punishment is given for offences together with homicide, drug trafficking and treason. The parliament will believe a invoice at its subsequent consultation.

If Malaysia does abolish the dying penalty, it might apply Guinea and Mongolia, which ended the apply in 2017. The Gambian president Adama Barrow introduced a suspension previous this 12 months. The Dad or mum reported that the dying penalty was once ultimate utilized in Gambia in 2012.

In June, Burkina Faso’s parliament followed a brand new penal code which abolishes the dying penalty. On the finish of 2017 there have been 20 international locations that have abolished capital punishment in Sub-Saharan Africa, in step with Amnesty.

In overall 23 folks have been carried out in america ultimate 12 months. Washington state changed into the 20th to prohibit the dying penalty in October 2018. The state’s Ideal Court docket discovered that the punishment was once carried out in an “arbitrary and racially biased way”.

The selection of international locations that have officially abolished the dying penalty has been often expanding, from 48 in 1991 to 106 in 2017. In recent times the selection of international locations which perform executions has additionally progressively declined.

Nations that performed executions between 2013 and 2017:

Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Botswana, Chad, China, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine (State of), Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Taiwan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, USA, Vietnam and Yemen.

The 21 international locations that didn’t perform an execution in the ones years in spite of now not having abolished the dying penalty:

Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Comoros, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guyana, Jamaica, Lebanon, Lesotho, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda and Zimbabwe.

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